Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country containing the mainland of the Australian continent, numerous smaller islands and the island of Tasmania. Australia is the world’s sixth-largest country by total area (7,617,930 km2). Australia has six states: Queensland (QLD), Tasmania (TAS), New South Wales (NSW), Victoria (VIC), South Australia (SA), and Western Australia (WA) and two major mainland territories: the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and the Northern Territory (NT).
Human settlement of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago. These first inhabitants may have been ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. At the time of European settlement in the late 18th century, their customs, beliefs and relationships were very complex and highly developed. Most indigenous Australians were hunter gatherers and their spiritual values were based on the belief of the Dreamtime.
According to a 2011 Census of Population and Housing by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), almost a quarter (24.6 per cent) of Australia’s population was born overseas and 43.1 per cent of people have at least one overseas-born parent. More than 200 different languages and dialects are spoken in Australia as a result of its multicultural society.
Major events in the last decade in Australia include the 2000 Sydney Olympics and the celebration of a century of Australia’s Federation in 2001.
World heritage sites
Australia is well known for its natural habitat and cultural sites. Many of these remarkable locations including the Opera house, Great Barrier Reef and Fraser Island are listed as World Heritage Sites.
In Australia, you have the freedom to choose a path that will suit your particular goal with thousands of courses on offer. Different courses will each offer a unique kind of education. The Australian education system has a strong international reputation with eager countries turning to Australia to improve their education system. Six of the Australian Universities are among the top 100 universities in the world, with two of those (University of Melbourne and Australian National University) ranked among the top 50.