General Skilled Migration program has different options to apply for obtaining a skilled visa. In general, there are two main categories:
Skilled Independent visas – these are the visas without any sponsorship or nomination by a third party.
Skilled Nominated visas – these are for skilled applicants who are nominated by a state/territory government or sponsored by an employer, or eligible family member.
Skilled Independent Subclass 189
This is a Permanent visa option for skilled workers who meet the minimum points test. It gives them the permission to live and work in Australia as a permanent resident.
Skilled Nominated Subclass 190
This is a permanent visa which requires nomination by an Australian State or Territory government.
Skilled Regional Provisional Subclass 489
This is a temporary 4-year visa which allows the visa holder to live only in certain parts of Australia. The applicant needs to be sponsored by an Australian relative living in a designated area, or by a state or territory government.
Skilled Regional Subclass 887
The Skilled Regional visa is the permanent visa for the holder of Skilled Regional Provisional visa Subclass 489. They must live in the specified region of Australia for at least 2 years and work there in a full time position at least one year.
Graduate Temporary Subclass 485
The Graduate Temporary visa is a work visa which can be applied by international students who have completed a qualification with 2 years of study in Australia.
Skilled—Recognized Graduate visa (subclass 476)
The recent engineering graduates of recognized institutions can apply for this visa to gain up to 18 months of skilled work experience in Australia.
Most of the General Skilled Migration visas are points tested. The points test is the system used by the Australian Government in order to select the skilled migrants who may have the most positive impact in Australian economy.
Skilled people interested in migrating to Australia on a skilled visa must submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) through SkillSelect.
The system evaluates the candidates and invites them to lodge a visa application. Also, employers and state/territory governments have access to skillselect to review EOIs and select the candidates they wish to sponsor or nominate.
Skilled Independent visas, are the visas without any sponsorship or nomination by a third party.
Skilled Nominated visas, are for skilled applicants who are nominated by a state/territory government or sponsored by an employer, or eligible family member.